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Brazil is a constitutional, multiparty republic. In October voters chose the president, vice president, and the bicameral National Congress in elections that international observers reported were free and fair. There are two distinct units within the state police forces: The civil police, which perform an investigative role, and the military police, charged with maintaining law and order in the states and the Federal District. Despite the name, military police forces do not report to the Ministry of Defense.
The armed forces also have some domestic security responsibilities and report to the Ministry of Defense. Civilian authorities at times did not maintain effective control over security forces. ificant human rights issues included: reports of unlawful or arbitrary killings by state police; harsh and sometimes life-threatening prison conditions; torture; violence against journalists; widespread acts of corruption by officials; crimes involving violence or threats of violence targeting members of racial minorities, human rights and environmental activists, indigenous peoples and other traditional populations, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or intersex LGBTI persons; and use of forced or compulsory labor.
The government prosecuted officials who committed abuses; however, impunity and a lack of ability for security forces was a problem, and an inefficient judicial process at times delayed justice for perpetrators as well as victims. There were reports that state police committed unlawful killings. In Brasil sex date cases police employed indiscriminate force. The Brazilian Public Security Forum reported police killed 6, civilians incompared with 5, in The extent of the problem was difficult to determine, however, because comprehensive, reliable statistics on unlawful police killings were not available.
On September 27, eight-year-old Agatha Vitoria Sales Felix was returning home to the Complexo do Alemao neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro in a van with her mother when a bullet hit the girl and killed her. Rio military police officers reported drug traffickers opened fire on officers who retaliated with gunfire, but residents denied there was a mass confrontation in the favela informal housing development at the time of the shooting.
According to one media report, police failed to conduct a proper investigation. The lawyer representing the family and the owner of the van said the driver cleaned his van, the scene of the crime, before police could search it for evidence. On September 25, the ministry announced it was investigating the case.
In the city of Rio de Janeiro, most deaths occurred while police were conducting operations against narcotics trafficking gangs in the more than 1, favelas, where an estimated 1. Nongovernmental organizations NGOs in Rio de Janeiro questioned whether all of the victims actually resisted arrest, as police had reported, and alleged that police often employed unnecessary force. On February 20, military police conducted an operation to find wanted individuals in the communities of Coroa and Fallet-Fogueteiro, located in the Santa Teresa neighborhood of downtown Rio de Janeiro.
The operation resulted in the deaths of 13 persons. Military police reported all of the victims were criminals; however, human rights organizations claimed the victims offered no resistance and that many were shot in the back. According to some civil society organizations, victims of police violence throughout the country were overwhelmingly young Afro-Brazilian men. A study by the Brazilian Public Security Forum showed that between and76 percent of those killed in police actions were black. Evaldo Rosa dos Santos, a black musician, was killed and two other Brasil sex date were injured.03 New Gameshow Sexy - Funny - Hot 2016 - HD quality
In May a military justice tribunal indicted and arrested 12 soldiers involved in the incident. Nine of the accused were released on bail on May As of August, the tribunal had not set a date for the trial. NGOs cited concerns that impunity for crimes committed by security forces was common. According to a survey of cases between and at the Superior Military Court involving military personnel, 70 percent were either dismissed or resulted in no punishment.
In March Dilma Ferreira da Silva, one of tens of thousands of persons displaced by the construction of the Tucurui dam and an activist and leader in the Movement for Those Affected by Dams, was found dead in the settlement where she lived with her husband Claudionor Costa da Silva and family friend Hilton Lopes. The victims were found with their throats cut and hands tied, and they showed s of torture. The constitution prohibits torture and inhuman or degrading treatment, but there were reports that government officials sometimes employed such practices.
Impunity for security forces was a problem. Police personnel often were responsible for investigating charges of torture and excessive force carried out by fellow officers, although independent investigations increased.
Delays in the special military police courts allowed many cases to expire due to statutes of limitations. According to the National Council of the Public Ministry, in there were cases of guards and other personnel inflicting bodily harm on prisoners.
In July the Federal District Public Prosecution service charged 14 military police officers with torture. A civil police investigation found evidence that during an operation led by the intelligence subcommander of the Federal District Military Police, the Mobile Tactical Patrol and the Tactical Operation Group of Taguatinga tly participated in the torture of alleged drug trafficker Antonio Cesar Campanaro known as Toninho do Po in June After arresting the suspect with pounds of drugs, the team attempted to recover an additional 1, pounds but could not find the location.
According to the Federal District civil police, the military police officers used violent methods to determine where the remaining drugs were hidden by exposing Campanaro to the sun for a long period of time, punching him, and reportedly applying electric shocks to his genitals.
As of July 14, the 14 accused officers were being held on a Brasil sex date of charges, including torture, corruption, embezzlement, and drug trafficking. In November the press reported claims that federal military officers tortured three male residents of Rio de Janeiro. The young men alleged the officers held them for 17 hours, during which they were beaten, electrically shocked, and sprayed in the face with pepper Brasil sex date. As of October, the Supreme Court had not ruled on the case.
Residents reported Brasil sex date of warrantless searches and inspections, home invasions, violence during police operations, and persecution of community leaders. The document also recommended that authorities organize training for law enforcement officials and develop a coherent state plan for public security, protocols for police operations, and specific programs to assist the families of victims. There were reports of sexual assault committed by police. In June, two military police officers were arrested for raping a year-old woman in Praia Grande in the state of Sao Paulo. The two officers were offering the woman a ride to a local bus stop when one officer moved to the backseat with her and raped her.
As of June 28, the officers were awaiting trial. The Favela Circuit for Rights also reported documented cases of sexual assault by police. In August a year-old lesbian woman reported two military police officers, Sergeants Hugo Borges Gomes and Caio Cesar Borba Brandao, raped and physically assaulted her in the city of Goiania.
According to a document submitted by her attorney, the officers beat and raped her with a broomstick and then threatened to kill her if she reported anything. The woman went to a local police station, where she consented to a physical exam and a doctor found evidence of rape. Conditions in many prisons were poor and sometimes life threatening, mainly due to overcrowding. Abuse by prison guards continued, and poor working conditions and low pay for prison guards encouraged corruption. Physical Conditions : According to the National Council of the Public Ministry, in August the overall occupation rate in prisons was percent of capacity.
The northern region of the country experienced the worst overcrowding, with three times more prisoners than deed capacity. The southern state of Parana reported a shortage of 12, spaces for inmates in correctional facilities and provisional centers within the metropolitan area of Curitiba as a result of a percent increase in Brasil sex date of arrests in the first four months of the year. Much of the overcrowding was due to imprisoning pretrial detainees. An April survey by the news portal G1 showed that 36 percent of detainees were being held without a conviction. Overcrowding in the southern state of Rio Grande do Sul was so severe that as of July, prisoners in Porto Alegre were being indefinitely held in vans on the street in front of police headquarters, shackled to steering wheels and police station stair railings, because state prisons were 43 percent above capacity.
The prisoners were denied access to bathrooms, heating, ventilation, and medical care. In other cases, low-risk prisoners were held in high-security facilities because the lower-security prisons did not have enough space. Despite the increase in the of inmates, no new spaces were being created. Reports of abuse by prison guards continued. On March 25, the national daily newspaper Folha de S.
Reports mentioned long punishment in isolated cells, lack of access to health care, and psychological torture. The center was operating at 50 percent above deed capacity.
The National Penitentiary Department denied the findings of torture, stating that prisoners were injured in the violent riots and received medical treatment. General prison conditions were poor. There was a lack of potable water, inadequate nutrition, food contamination, rat and cockroach infestations, damp and dark cells, a lack of clothing and hygiene items, and poor sanitation.
Deaths from preventable illnesses, such as meningitis and tuberculosis, ed for 61 percent of prisoner deaths in the penitentiary system in the first half of According to the Ministry of Health, prisoners were 28 times more likely to contract tuberculosis, compared with the general public.
One detainee in Santa Catarina was diagnosed with tuberculosis and pneumonia after being held in crowded conditions and sleeping on the floor for 10 months due to lack of beds. He was denied medical treatment until one year after being diagnosed. Between andthe of imprisoned women grew percent. As of October, 80 percent of female inmates were mothers.
In the Supreme Court granted a collective habeas corpus to all mothers, pregnant women, and those with custody of persons with disabilities if they had been convicted of a nonviolent crime and did not pose a serious threat to themselves or their dependents. In December this was reinforced by a law that establishes house arrest for pregnant women, mothers of children who are 12 or younger, or women responsible for persons with disabilities. Despite this decision the National Council of Justice found that as of January, there were pregnant and breastfeeding inmates in the prison system.
There were reports of violence committed against pregnant female inmates. Prisoners convicted of petty crimes frequently were held with murderers and other violent criminals.(18+) Kill Me Please 2015 -- Spanish Sex Film Completo
Authorities attempted to hold pretrial detainees separately from convicted prisoners, but lack of space often required placing convicted criminals in pretrial detention facilities. In many prisons, including those in the Federal District, officials attempted to separate violent offenders from other inmates and keep convicted drug traffickers in a wing apart from the rest of the prison population. Multiple sources reported adolescents were held with adults in poor and crowded conditions. Prisons suffered from insufficient staffing and lack of control over inmates.
Violence was rampant in prison facilities. Inaccording to the National Council of the Public Ministry, prisoners were killed while in custody. According to the National Penitentiary Department, in the prison homicide rate was 48 perprisoners. During the same period, the national homicide rate was 31 per , according to the Institute of Economic and Applied Research. In addition to poor administration of the prison system, overcrowding, the presence of gangs, and corruption contributed to violence. Media reports indicated incarcerated leaders of major criminal gangs continued to control their expanding transnational criminal enterprises from inside prisons.
Multiple prison riots throughout the year led to the deaths of inmates. The riot was allegedly the result of a factional fight between rival criminal organizations that began when detainees of one criminal faction broke into a prison annex that held members of a rival group and set fire to the building.
In response to several allegations of torture in Para prisons, the Federal Public Ministry filed an action of administrative misconduct. In response to the allegations of torture, in October the National Penitentiary Department announced plans to purchase body cameras for correctional officers in prisons. Administration Brasil sex date State-level ombudsman offices; the National Council of Justice; the National Mechanism for the Prevention and Combat of Torture in the Ministry of Women, Family, and Human Rights; and the National Penitentiary Department in the Ministry of Justice and Public Security monitored prison and detention center conditions and conducted investigations of credible allegations of mistreatment.
Independent Monitoring : The government permitted monitoring by independent nongovernmental observers. Prisoners and detainees had access to visitors; however, human rights observers reported some visitors complained of screening procedures that at times included invasive and unsanitary physical exams. Improvements : In the new Itaquitinga Prison in the state of Pernambuco, a unit with capacity for 1, prisoners opened in February and received inmates.
The constitution prohibits arbitrary arrest and detention and limits arrests to those caught in Brasil sex date act of committing a crime or called for by order of a judicial authority; however, police at times did not respect this prohibition.
The law provides for the right of any person to challenge the lawfulness of his or her arrest or detention in court. The government generally observed this provision.Brasil sex date
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